Out of的详细用法

2021-10-17 18:15 来源: 高考学习网 本文影响了:98716人

一、out of的基本用法

Ⅰ.表示“在……外”之意:

1.The chemical plant is out of town.该化工厂在城外.

2.Our factory is 4 miles out of the city.我厂离城4英里.(指在城外,离城4英里.)

Ⅱ.表示“从……里”、“从……当中”之意:

1.We should remove the machine out of the room.我们应该把这台记起从室内搬出去.

2.Pump as much air as possible out of the container.尽可能地把容器内的空气都抽走.

3.You many choose one out of them.你可以从中选择一个.

4.This is only one instance out of many.这只不过是许多例子中的一例而已.

5. There was something coming to her and she was waiting for it, fearfully. What was it? She did not know, it was too subtle and elusive to name. But she felt it, creeping out of the sky, reaching toward her through the sounds,the scents,the color that filled the air.

有种东西正向她靠近,而她正恐惧地等待着。那是什么?她不知道。那东西太微妙太难以捉摸了,她说不清楚。但是她能感觉得到它,它正悄无声息地从天空中逸出,穿过弥漫于空气中的声音、气味和颜色慢慢地向她靠近。(it指的是freedom

Ⅲ.表示“接触”、“脱离”、“没有”、“缺乏”之意:

1.They have got out of many difficulties.他们已摆脱了许多困难.

2.The instrument went out of order.这个仪表发生故障.

3.That machine is out of repair.那台机器失修了(或损坏了).

4.Those devices are out of date.那些装置过时了.

5.They were often out of spare parts before liberation.解放前他们常缺少备件.

6.It is out of comparison.这是无可比拟的.

7.A new method was introduced are old one naturally.采用了新方法,旧方法自然就淘汰了.

8.Their workshop has run out of oxygen.他们的车间已用完氧气.

Ⅳ.表示来源、原因和动机之意:

1.He copied something new out of this book.他从这本书里摘抄了些新的内容.

2.They helped you out of pity.他们基于同情而帮助了你.

3.He went only out of curiosity.他仅仅是由于好奇心才去的.

4.He made this table out of an old box.他用一个旧木箱做成了这张桌子.

5.We did this out of necessary.我们出于需要做了这件事.

Ⅴ.表示“使……不……”和“使……取消……”之意:

1.We talked him out of his wrong plan.我们劝说他放弃他的错误计划.

2.They argued her out of violating the operating rules.他们说服她别违反操作规程.

二、带out of的一些常用词组举例(含义基本就是这个名词的相反的意思)

out of balance 不平衡,失去平衡

to go out of control(hand) 失去控制(无法收拾的)

out of doubt 无疑

out of focus 散聚

out of gear 混乱,发生故障

out of operation 不运转

out of fashion 过时,陈旧

out of joint 脱节

out of step 不同步,不一致

out of stock 脱销

out of touch 不接触

out of practice 荒疏

out of work 失业

The axle is out of true.轴的部位不正了

out of sight看不见

out of work失业

out of order发生故障

out of many difficulties摆脱了许多困难

out of repair失修(或损坏)

out of style过时,不时髦

out of business破产

out of date 过时

out of the ordinary 不寻常的

out of touch 失去联系

out of stock 脱销

out of patience 不耐烦

out of breath上气不接下气,喘不过气

out of the woods摆脱了前途不明,或危险的处境

Thank God he seems to be out of the woods now!他似乎渡过了危险期,真是谢天谢地。

out of the picture不再参与某项工程,或者退出某一行动

When I lived with my parents they had too many rules. These days I live by myself and can do as I please since they're now out of the picture. But I do miss them, so I visit them almost every weekend.

我以前和我父母一起住的时候,他们有好多规矩。现在我一个人住了,我愿意怎么做就怎么做,他们已经管不着了。但是,我很想他们,所以几乎每星期都回去看望他们。

out of this world令人激动,精彩极了,绝妙的,特别是在形容音乐、电影的时候可以用

Say, I see that Gone with the Wind is on TV tonight. I've seen it ten times already but I'll watch it again. I think it's out of this world--maybe the best movie ever made!

喂,今天晚上电视上要放《飘》这部电影。我已经看过十遍了,但是我今天还要再看一遍。我认为这个电影实在是太精彩了,可能是所有电影当中最好的一部。

Donna took me to lunch at a restaurant in a shady woods just outside of town. We sat outdoors and the food tasted great. The place is so pretty and relaxed that it's really out of this world!

唐纳带我到近郊一个隐蔽在树林里的饭馆去吃午饭。我们坐在户外。那里的饭菜色香味都好极了。那儿的环境非常漂亮和轻松。这实在是绝好的享受。

三、out of用法的注意点

Ⅰ.正确理解“from+out of+名词”的意义:

1.We should remove the device from out of the room at once.我们应该立即搬到室外的那个装置.

这里,介词短语“out of+名词”又作介词from的宾语.上句原意是:我们应该立即把这个装置从室外搬走.遇到这种“from+out of+名词”的词组,首先把“out of+名词”理解为“……外”,并作为一个整体概念来看待,然后早套上from(从)的意思即行.再如:

2.He is from out of town.他是城外人.

先把out of town理解为一个整体概念,即“城外”,然后套上from(从……)含义 ,故全句也可译为:他住在城外.

Ⅱ.根据有无其反义词in,into的搭配关系来选择和判断out of的含义.例如:

1.This plant is in town.这个工厂在城里.

That plant is out of town.那个工厂在城外.

2.They are in danger.他们处境危险.

He is out of danger.他已脱险.

3.This kind machine comes into fashion.这种机器正风行一时.

That kind of machine came out of fashion.那种记起不风行了(或“过时了”).

4.We talked him into making these experiments.我们劝说他做这些实验.

They talked him out of making these experiments.他们劝说他别做这些实验.

注:这种方法只能帮助我们选择out of 在句中的具体意义,而不能认为任何out of用法都有 in,into作其反义词.

Ⅲ.注意out of question和out of the question词义差别很大:

1.This is out of question an example of an important principle that applies to all machines.(作状语)这毫无疑问是适用于一切机械的一个重要原理的举例.

2.In the first instance,increasing the temperature is out of the question.(起形容词作用,作表语)在第一种情况下,提高温度是不可能的.

比较:

①Your success is out of question.(你一定成功。)

②Your success is out of the question.(你必定失败。)